The Copyright Commandments from PACA (Picture Agency Council
1. When it's created, it's copyrighted. Use the copyright notice.
2. The photographer or his/her agent has the exclusive right to exploit
the copyright in each image. That right is for the life of the photographer
plus 50 years.
3. Permission to use a copyrighted photograph for any purpose whatsoever
must be obtained in advance in writing to avoid possible violation of the
federal law on copyright.
4. Any unauthorized use constitutes an infringement.
5. Penalties for infringement are monetary and can be severe.
6. Combining, altering or scanning photographs or any part thereof, including
electronically, is an exclusive right held by the photographer and permission
to combine or alter should be obtained in writing prior to any such changes
7. Exceeding the terms of a license has been held to be an infringement.
A new license is required prior to additional use.
8. An artist's rendering of a photograph in another medium is a derivative
use of an image and does require the written permission of the copyright
owner prior to use.
9. Re-creating a copyrighted photograph is a derivative use and therefore
requires the permission of the copyright holder of the original image.
10. Reference use of a photograph or any part thereof requires the permission
of the copyright holder.