PHOTOVAULT® AVIATION Museum
Commercial Aviation - Aircraft: Boeing 727 Images by Wernher Krutein and PHOTOVAULT®

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See Also: Commercial Aviation, AEROSPACE, TRANSPORTATION, Airports: Codes, Airlines: Codes, Washington State, Seattle, About the 727

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Cargo 727

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A brief History of the Boeing 727

In the late 1950's Boeing saw the need for a short/medium haul airliner jet. In February 1956 Boeing began to study the requirements of this emerging market niche. The Preliminary Design Group at Boeing spent over three years examining almost 70 different design studies before finalizing on the configuration that we are all familiar with. Technology had come along enough for Boeing to include leading edge slats and the new Kruger flaps that could give this cutting edge airliner great high lift performance for takeoff from short landing strips.

The design was frozen and launch go-ahead was given in August 1960. The first 727 made it's first flight on February 9th 1963, and by February of 1964 the 727 began Revenue service with United Airlines and Eastern Airlines. Both airlines found that teething problems were minimal, and that the operating economics were better than expected.

By late 1964 it became clear to Boeing that a higher capacity 727 jet must be built if they wanted to increase sales of this aircraft type. In August 1965 Boeing announced they would build an enlarged version of the 727-100. Designated the 727-200, it would be virtually the same as the 100 series except for the addition of two ten foot fuselage plugs, one in front and one aft of the main landing gear. This jet could now carry a maximum of 189 passengers. The first revenue flight for this version occurred on December 14th, 1967 with Northwest Airlines.

On May 12th, 1971, Boeing announced a higher gross weight version to be known as the Advanced 727-200, which included modified nacelles for reducing noise pollution, thicker wing skins, improved brakes, and larger tires to accommodate the higher gross weight, and a new air conditioning system. They also added various fuel tank options with extra tanks in the forward and aft cargo holds.

Production of this jet was phased out in 1984 after over 1700 of this type were sold. The 727 continues to fly today for many airlines and private owners.
PHOTOVAULT ® AVIATION Museum contains a collection of historical photographs starting from the 1940's. Many pictures of airlines and types of airplanes. The following are links to most of the major existing commercial aircraft types: Airbus: A-300, A-310, A-320, A-330, A-340, A-380, Airspeed: Ambassador, Antonov: An-2, An-24, An-124, Avion de Transport Régional: ATR 42, ATR 72, British Aerospace: BAC-111, BAe/AVRO-146, BAe 748/ATP/Jetstream 61, BAe Jetstream31, Beech 1900, 99, Boeing: B-247, B-307, B-377, B-707, B-717, B-727, B-737, B-747, B-757, B-767, B-777, B-787, Breguet: 761 Deux Ponts, Britten-Norman: Trislander, Islander, Canadair: Regional Jet CRJ, Convair: 240 thru 680, 880 and 990, Curtis-Wright: CW-20, de Havilland: DH89, DH104, DH106 Comet, Dash-7, Dash-8, DHC-6 Twin Otter, Caribou, Trident, DinfiaI: A-50 Guarani, Dornier: 228, 328, Embraer: Bandeirante EMB-110, Brasilia EMB-120, ERJ-145, Fairchild: Metroliner, Fokker: F-27, F-50, F-28, F-70, F-100, Ford: Trimotor, Grumman: Goose, Ilyushin: Il-14, Il-18, Il-62, Il-86, Lockheed: Constellation, Electra, L-1011, L-100, Martin: 404, McDonnell Douglas (Boeing): DC-3, DC-6, DC-8, DC-9, DC-10, MD-80's, MD-90's, MD-11, SAAB: 340 & 2000, Short: 330 and 360, Sandringham, Sikorsky: VS44, Tupolev, Tu-104, Tu-134, Tu-154, The Concorde SST, SUD Caravelle, NAMC YS-11, Vickers: Viscount, Yakovlev: Yak 40, VFW-614


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