Commercial Aviation: Boeing 247, Images by Wernher Krutein, Richard Neville and PHOTOVAULT®

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See Also: Commercial Aviation, AEROSPACE, TRANSPORTATION, Airports: Codes, Airlines: Codes, Washington State, Seattle, About the B-247

About the B-247

In 1933 The Boeing Model 247 ushered in a new era in commercial flight with its all-metal construction, setting the pattern for successful airliners for the next 20 years. Up to this point airliners were small, unreliable and relatively inefficient. The Model 247 is considered the first modern passenger airliner. The many new innovative features included an all-metal skin, two engines for greater reliability and power, it had an autopilot, low cantilevered wing, a variable-pitch constant speed propeller, pneumatically operated de-icing equipment, and retractable landing gear. It was the first airliner able to climb on one engine at full-load, the first with supercharged engines, and the first with control trim-tabs and cabin air-conditioning.

Although it took the Boeing 247 20 hours to fly the continental distance between New York and Los Angeles (including seven refueling stops), it was still seven and a half hours shorter traveling time than that made by any previous airliner. It could fly at an astonishing speed at 189 mph, making it the fastest commercial airliner at the time.

It was a good airplane, and although it was bought by United Aircraft Corporation (United Airlines) and other carriers, its capacity proved too small and it never really caught on. Of the seventy-six 247s that were built, Boeing Air Transport operated 60 of the Model 247s. United Aircraft Corporation ordered 10, and the remaining numbers went to Deutsche Lufthansa and a private owner in China. The 247s remained in airline service until World War II, when several were converted into C-73 transports and trainers. Some were still flying in the late 1960s. Along with the Douglas DC-2 that supplanted it, and the Douglas DC-3, the Model 247 brought new standards of speed, reliability, safety, and comfort in air travel.

First flight: Feb. 8, 1933
Model number: 247
Classification: Commercial transport
Span: 74 feet
Length: 51 feet 7 inches
Gross weight: 13,650 pounds
Top speed: 200 mph
Cruising speed: 189 mph
Range: 745 miles
Ceiling: 25,400 feet
Power: Two 500-horsepower P&W Wasp engines
Accommodation: 3 crew, 10 passengers, 400 pounds of mail

PHOTOVAULT ® AVIATION Museum contains a collection of historical photographs starting from the 1940's. Many pictures of airlines and types of airplanes. The following are links to most of the major existing commercial aircraft types: Airbus: A-300, A-310, A-320, A-330, A-340, A-380, Airspeed: Ambassador, Antonov: An-2, An-24, An-124, Avion de Transport Régional: ATR 42, ATR 72, British Aerospace: BAC-111, BAe/AVRO-146, BAe 748/ATP/Jetstream 61, BAe Jetstream31, Beech 1900, 99, Boeing: B-247, B-307, B-377, B-707, B-717, B-727, B-737, B-747, B-757, B-767, B-777, B-787, Breguet: 761 Deux Ponts, Britten-Norman: Trislander, Islander, Canadair: Regional Jet CRJ, Convair: 240 thru 680, 880 and 990, Curtis-Wright: CW-20, de Havilland: DH89, DH104, DH106 Comet, Dash-7, Dash-8, DHC-6 Twin Otter, Caribou, Trident, DinfiaI: A-50 Guarani, Dornier: 228, 328, Embraer: Bandeirante EMB-110, Brasilia EMB-120, ERJ-145, Fairchild: Metroliner, Fokker: F-27, F-50, F-28, F-70, F-100, Ford: Trimotor, Grumman: Goose, Ilyushin: Il-14, Il-18, Il-62, Il-86, Lockheed: Constellation, Electra, L-1011, L-100, Martin: 404, McDonnell Douglas (Boeing): DC-3, DC-6, DC-8, DC-9, DC-10, MD-80's, MD-90's, MD-11, SAAB: 340 & 2000, Short: 330 and 360, Sandringham, Sikorsky: VS44, Tupolev, Tu-104, Tu-134, Tu-154, The Concorde SST, SUD Caravelle, NAMC YS-11, Vickers: Viscount, Yakovlev: Yak 40, VFW-614

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